Integration and diversity monitoring - facts and figures on migration, integration and diversity in Vienna

On more than 200 pages, the Vienna Integration and Diversity Monitor 2020 presents facts and figures on migration, integration and diversity in Vienna.

Since 2007, the City of Vienna has used integration and diversity monitoring to put a spotlight on the changes within Vienna’s migration society. The monitoring provides an important foundation for decision-making in politics and administration. Furthermore, it is intended to bring public debate on migration and integration to a more objective level and to illustrate how the administrative sector responds to the diversity of an increasingly mobile society.

The Vienna Integration and Diversity Monitor offers insights into 8 themes and areas related to integration and diversity. In addition to the level of integration of the migrant population in Vienna, the Monitor also outlines the level of diversity at more than 50 municipal departments and institutions of the City of Vienna.

Download and ordering

Printed copies can be ordered via the Ordering Service of the City of Vienna. Older issues of the Integration and Diversity Monitor of the City of Vienna, from 2010 onwards, are available in the digital collections of the Vienna City Library at Wienbibliothek Digital.

Integration Monitor

Equal opportunities and equal rights are the guiding principles underlying the integration monitoring process. All of Vienna’s residents should have equal access to high-quality education, good jobs, a living income and affordable housing. Therefore, we pose ourselves the question whether having a migrant background or having been educated abroad makes a difference to a person’s position in society.

Vienna is a European immigrant city

Vienna has been changed by the immigration of young women and men. In the past 30 years, an aging and shrinking city has been turned into a young and growing metropolis. At the beginning of 2020, 30.8 % of Vienna’s residents were foreign citizens, 36.7 % were born abroad, and 41.3 % were of foreign origin. In 2019, the average of Vienna’s population with a migrant background was 45.9 %.

Further information: Integration Monitor - Demographics & Immigration Law (German)

Naturalisation and democratic deficit

Vienna’s naturalisation rate is very low, at 0.8 %. Austria’s restrictive naturalisation law - together with the fact that voting rights are tied to citizenship - creates a massive democratic deficit: at the beginning of 2020, 30.1 % of Vienna’s residents above the age of 16 were not allowed to vote in local, regional or national elections due to their foreign nationality.

Further information: Integration Monitor - Equal Rights & Participation (German)


An increasing number of Viennese have acquired at least university entrance qualifications and have completed higher education programmes. The still significant differences among parts of Vienna’s population are slowly getting smaller. Developments in the education sector are quite favourable: Today, the number of young people aged 15 to 19 who have a third country background and are attending higher education programmes is considerably higher than just a few years ago.

Further information: Integration Monitor - Education (German)

Employment and dequalification

Educational qualifications obtained abroad are of relatively little value on the Austrian labour market: 42 % of Vienna’s residents from third countries with intermediate or higher qualifications and 32 % of Vienna’s residents from EU/EFTA countries with intermediate or higher qualifications work in unskilled or semi-skilled jobs and are thus affected by dequalification.

Further information: Integration Monitor - Employment & Labour Market (German)

Diversity Monitor

The Diversity Monitor shows how the Vienna City Administration handles the increased diversity of its population. Have the City's services and facilities been adapted to address the diverse needs of its residents? How has diversity management been implemented in the departments of the City Administration and to what extent do the cultural backgrounds of the City Administration’s staff reflect Vienna’s population (survey of diversity among the staff of the City of Vienna)?

Promoting diversity management across the Vienna City Administration

By now, implementing diversity-oriented policies has become an integral part of the activities of Vienna’s City Administration. The results of the 5th Diversity Monitor reveal that the value and use of professional diversity management is highly appreciated by a growing number of institutions and organisations. In 2019, for the first time, as many as 53 institutions and organisations of the City of Vienna have participated in the survey (compared to 38 in 2011).

Language skills of City Administration staff

The fact that the City Administration’s staff speak many of the main foreign languages spoken in Vienna reflects much of the diversity of the city's society. These language skills are often used to provide information and advice to customers and help improve the City of Vienna's range of services.

Survey of diversity among the Vienna City Administration staff

The level of diversity among Vienna’s City Administration staff was determined for the first time in 2013. The present survey (as at 30 June 2019) is the third one that depicts the current situation and shows the developments measured as part of the monitoring process. In addition to an overview of the staff who live in Vienna by age, gender and background, it also offers information on their representation across occupation groups and employment categories as well as in certain professions.

  • In 2019, 9.2 % of the staff whose principal residence is in Vienna were foreign nationals (2016: 7.8 %, 2013: 6.0 %).
  • 25.6 % of the staff members were of foreign origin (2016: 25.1 %, 2013: 24.5 %). Within 3 years, the share of employees from third countries has decreased by 0.9 percentage points and has remained unchanged between 2016 and 2019. The share of staff members from EU/EFTA countries has increased by 2.0 percentage points over the survey periods from 2013 to 2019, while the share of Austrian staff members has continually declined by a total of 1.1 percentage points.
  • The percentages of women and men employed in the City Administration were as follows: 65.2 % women, 34.8 % men.

The staff members of the Vienna City Administration were born in many countries

The survey 2019 revealed that 75.0 % of all staff members were born in Austria and 25 % in 116 other countries.

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City of Vienna | Intergration and Diversity
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