September 2018 - Intercultural calendar

The list provides an overview of the most important holidays of the largest religious and ethnic groups in Vienna in September.

Islam

12 September: Islamic New Year
On this day the year 1440 starts in the Islamic calendar, which dates back to the migration of the Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina, which is known as the hijra.
12 September: Muharrem Fast (Alevi)
Many Alevi fast during the first twelve days of the month of Muharrem. They also abstain from drinking water both day and night. The main purpose of this fast is to mourn the death of Ali's son, Huseyin, during the battle of Kerbela and the sufferings of the twelve Imams.
21 September: Day of Ashura
The tenth day of the month of Muharram ("Day of Ashura") is of great importance in Islam because according to the religious tradition several important events occurred on that day. (Moses crossed the sea, Noah's Ark came to rest on a mountain after the great flood, etc.). It is commemorated by Shia Muslims as a day of mourning the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali, the Third Shia Imam and grandson of Prophet Muhammad, who lost his life at the Battle of Karbala (Iraq) against his rival Muawiya in the fight for the succession of the Prophet Muhammad. The Day of Ashura is also commemorated by the Alevi. The Sunni Muslims commemorate the exodus of the Children of Israel from Egypt on this day. Traditionally, a special soup or a sweet dish (depending on the tradition) are prepared on that day and donated to commemorate the stories of the prophets. Depending on the national calendar tradition, the date of the festival may vary by one or two days.

Judaism

10 September: Rosh HaShana
The Jewish New Year is the beginning of a ten-day period of reflection (see Yom Kippur). On the first day of the New Year the shofar (a ram's horn) is blown which is a call to repentance. Apples dipped in honey are eaten during a festive dinner to symbolise the desire for a "sweet" year. The traditional New Year's blessing is "May you be inscribed and sealed for a good year". The year 5779 after the creation of the world starts in the Jewish calendar.
19 September: Yom Kippur
The "Day of Atonement" is observed with strict fasting. It is a day for people to ask God for forgiveness of their sins and forgive others. Biblical origins are found in Leviticus where a live goat ("scapegoat") over whose head Aaron confessed all the sins of the children of Israel was sent into the wilderness, bearing their sins.
24 to 30 September: Sukkot
The "Feast of Tabernacles" or "Feast of Booths" derives its name from the tradition to build a booth roofed with thatch (sukkah) to recall the shelters of the Jews during their wandering in the desert after the Exodus from Egypt.
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Goran Novakovic (Municipal Department 17)
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