November 2018 - Intercultural calendar

The list provides an overview of the most important holidays of the largest religious and ethnic groups in Vienna as well as public holidays in November.

Bahá'i

9 November: the Birth of the Báb
On this day the Bahá'is commemorate the birth of the herald of the Bahá’i faith, who was born in 1819 in Shiraz/Iran. Bahá'is celebrate the birth of the Báb with social gatherings that begin with prayers and devotional readings.
10 November: the Birth of Bahá’u’lláh
On this day the Bahá'is celebrate the birth of the founder of their faith who was born in 1817 in Tehran/Iran as son of a wealthy government minister. Bahá'is usually observe the holy day with community gatherings where prayers are shared and the birth of Bahá’u’lláh is celebrated.

Christianity

1 November: All Saints' Day (Catholic, public holiday)
The day to honour all saints of the church was established when the Pantheon in Rome was consecrated and an anniversary to honour all the saints was fixed for 1 November.
2 November: All Souls' Day (Catholic)
The day is closely associated with All Saints' Day. The day commemorates the faithful departed and those baptised and believed to be in purgatory. It is a day of remembrance and intercession for the dead.
11 November: Saint Martin's Day
The feast day of Martin of Tours (4th century), who gave half his cloak to a beggar according to legend. Customs: children go by the doors with paper lanterns and candles and sing songs. The food traditionally eaten on this day is goose.
15 November: Saint Leopold's Day
The day commemorates Leopold III, Margrave of Austria, the founder of the monasteries of Klosterneuburg, Heiligenkreuz and Klein-Mariazell. Leopold is the patron saint of Lower Austria, Upper Austria and Vienna. There is the tradition of "Fasselrutschen", sliding over a huge barrel in the monastery wine cellar in Klosterneuburg. It is an old tradition dating back to the time when the barrel held the wine the monastery received as a tithe.
21 November: Penance Day (Protestant)
A Protestant holiday for reflection and prayer for the remission of sins.
25 November: Sunday in commemoration of the dead (Protestant)
The Sunday in commemoration of the dead (also called Eternity Sunday) is basically the Protestant version of All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day. It is a day for people to visit cemeteries and decorate graves.

Hinduism

6 to 9 November: Diwali
The "Festival of Lights" is the most widely celebrated Hindu festival. Diyas, oil lamps made from clay, are the most important symbol of the festival. Diwali is a celebration of the victory of good over evil. Devotees perform a ritual to invite Goddess Lakshmi to their homes and offer prayers to her so that the New Year is filled with peace, wealth and prosperity.

Islam

21 November: Mawlid an-Nabi - Birthday of the Prophet Muhammad
During the night when the Prophet was born, mosques are lit with candles and lamps. Muslims meet to commemorate the birth of Muhammad and to remember the life, teaching and example of the Prophet.

Sikhism

23 November: Birthday of Guru Nanak
Sikhs celebrate Guru Nanak's birthday with a reading of the Sikh holy scriptures, the Guru Granth Sahib, continuously from beginning to end over 48 hours. Musical recitation of hymns and lectures are followed by langar, a vegetarian meal from the free kitchen.
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Goran Novakovic (Municipal Department 17)
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