Facts and figures on Migration 2017 - Viennese population

Immigration and the resulting pluralisation of society are a fact that is reflected in Vienna's population data.

Different migration experiences and the legal status have an immediate effect on a person's position in society and in how far social participation and integration are possible.

Vienna is a city of immigration in Europe

Chart showing the districts of Vienna in different shades of green which represent the population's background

Since 2007, the Viennese population has grown by twelve percent from 1,661,246 to 1,867,582 in 2016. The population is expected to increase by over 2 million people by 2029.

More than one third of all new migrants, who come to Austria from abroad each year, move to Vienna. Most of them come from other European countries.


50 percent of the Viennese have a migration background, i.e. they were born abroad or have at least one parent who was born abroad.

29 percent are non-Austrian passport holders and 35 percent were born abroad.

Migration to and from Vienna

As at 1 January 2017, source: Municipal Department 23 - Economic Affairs, Labour, and Statistics (MA 23) and Statistics Austria

In-Migration

Out-migration

Proportion

2015

2016

2015

2016

2015

2016

External migration

Austria

5,456

5,029

6,894

6,861

-1,438

-1,832

EU/EFTA-member states

34,222

31,955

18,969

19,913

15,253

12,042

Third-country nationals

38,385

29,157

14,258

18,228

24,127

10,929

Total

78,063

66,141

40,121

45,002

37,942

21,139

Internal migration

37,175

38,765

35,932

37,627

1,243

1,138

Migration total

115,238

104,906

76,053

82,629

39,185

22,277


For several years, Vienna has seen the strongest population growth of all Austrian provinces (38 percent of the Austrian population growth 2016 regards Vienna).

In 2016, the population in the Austrian federal capital increased by 1.49 percent or 27,356 persons.

In 2016, more than 104,906 persons moved to Vienna from abroad or from other Austrian provinces. About 82,629 people left Vienna in the same year.

Viennese population 2017 according to background

Background refers to the place of birth and nationality of a person, i.e. persons with a foreign background were either born abroad and/or have foreign nationality.

As at 1 January 2017, source: Municipal Department 23 - Economic Affairs, Labour, and Statistics (MA 23)

Background (total)

Background (in percent)

Women (total)

Women (in percent)

Nationality (total)

Nationality (in percent)

Austria

1,132,873

60.7

586,539

51.8

1,333,050

71.4

Foreign countries

734,709

39.3

371,919

50.6

534,532

28.6

of which EU/EFTA

296,975

15.9

157,912

53.2

230,605

12.3

of which third countries

437,734

23.4

214,007

48.9

303,927

16.3

1. Serbia

100,402

5.4

52,352

52.1

75,964

4.1

2. Turkey

76,523

4.1

36,291

47.4

45,838

2.5

3. Germany

55,361

3.0

29,236

51.5

43,837

2.3

4. Poland

52,997

2.8

27,158

51.2

41,260

2.2

5. Bosnia and Herzegovina

40,645

2.2

21,300

52.4

22,054

1.2

6. Romania

35,509

1.9

19,399

54.6

29,140

1.6

7. Hungary

26,903

1.4

14,655

54.5

21,343

1.1

8. Croatia

26,619

1.4

13,279

49.9

21,498

1.2

9. Slovakia

18,437

1.0

11,812

64.1

15,289

0.8

10. Bulgaria

18,160

1.0

9,774

53.8

15,841

0.8

Africa

29,039

1.6

11,532

39.7

17,557

0.9

Asia

113,083

6.1

51,048

45.1

82,410

4.4

America

15,076

0.8

8,280

54.9

9,674

0.5

Australia and Oceania

1,004

0.1

504

50.2

600

0.5

Stateless / Convention Refugee / unknown

8,862

0.5

4,015

45.3

8,797

0.5

Total

1,867,582

100

958,458

51.3

1,867,582

100

In 2017, 39 percent of Viennese, i.e. 734,709 persons, had a foreign background. 534,532 persons or 29 percent of Viennese held a foreign nationality. 230,605 held the nationality of an EU or EFTA member state, and 303,927 held a third-country passport.

The majority of Viennese with a foreign background come from Serbia (100,402), followed by Turkey (76,523), and Germany (56,807).

361,371 foreign nationals have voting age but are excluded from the right to vote because of their foreign nationality.

In 2016, 0.6 percent of foreign nationals were awarded citizenship, i.e. six out of 1,000 foreigners became Austrians. 3,055 persons in Vienna were awarded Austrian citizenship in 2016.

Viennese population at district level according to background and right to vote

As at 1 January 2017, source: Municipal Department 23 - Economic Affairs, Labour, and Statistics (MA 23)

District residents (total)

District residents with foreign background (total)

District residents with foreign background (in percent)

District residents with the right to vote (over 16 years of age, total)

District residents who have no right to vote (residents with foreign background, over 16 years of age, total)

District residents who have no right to vote (residents with foreign background, over 16 years of age, in percent)

1st district

16,465

5,981

36.3

14,605

3,536

24.2

2nd district

105,003

46,930

44.7

88,463

29,364

33.2

3rd district

90,183

36,605

40.6

78,064

23,056

29.5

4th district

33,035

13,661

41.4

29,023

8,951

30.8

5th district

55,356

26,289

47.5

48,282

17,146

35.5

6th district

31,865

12,552

39.4

28,432

8,147

28.7

7th district

32,197

12,306

38.2

28,607

8,411

29.4

8th district

25,528

9,789

38.3

22,795

6,977

30.6

9th district

42,709

17,461

40.9

37,642

11,885

31.6

10th district

198,083

92,246

46.6

164,651

55,514

33.7

11th district

100,137

39,073

39.0

82,255

21,918

26.6

12th district

95,955

42,810

44.6

80,838

25,963

32.1

13th district

54,171

15,267

28.2

46,328

8,737

18.9

14th district

92,337

31,743

34.4

78,591

19,205

24.4

15th district

78,999

41,918

53.1

67,838

27,913

41.1

16th district

104,323

48,224

46.2

88,647

30,911

34.9

17th district

57,180

24,488

42.8

48,701

16,002

32.9

18th district

51,128

18,424

36.0

43,710

11,832

27.1

19th district

72,107

24,613

34.1

61,524

14,190

23.1

20th district

86,868

42,781

49.2

73,336

26,296

35.9

21st district

158,712

50,463

31.8

132,348

27,173

20.5

22nd district

184,188

54,128

29.4

151,636

27,415

18.1

23rd district

101,053

26,957

26.7

84,634

14,069

16.6

Total

1,867,582

734,709

39.3

1,580,950

444,611

28.1

After Vienna, Graz, and Linz, the Viennese districts of Favoriten (10th district) with 198,083 residents, Donaustadt (22nd district) with 184,188 residents and Floridsdorf (21st district) with 158,712 residents are Austria's largest towns.

In eleven districts, more than 40 percent of residents have a foreign background. With 53.1 percent, Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus (15th district) has the largest number of residents with a foreign background. The number is far above the citywide average of 39.3 percent. Hietzing (13th district) with 28.2 percent and Liesing (23rd district) with 26.7 percent are the districts with the lowest number of residents with a foreign background.

28.1 percent of Viennese or 444,611 people, have no right to vote (i.e. they are over 16 years of age and do not hold Austrian citizenship). Eleven districts have already exceeded the 30 percent mark with the 15th district of Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus in the lead again, where 41.1 percent of residents, or 27,913 people, have no right to vote.

Contact for this page:
Goran Novakovic (Municipal Department 17)
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