Facts and figures - Viennese population according to migration background

Immigration and the resulting pluralisation of society are a fact that is reflected in Vienna's population data.

Different migration experiences and the legal status have an immediate effect on a person's position in society and in how far social participation and integration are possible.

Vienna is a city of immigration in Europe

Outline of Vienna, and "+ 11 % "

Since 2006, the Viennese population has grown by eleven percent from 1,652,449 in 2006 to 1,840,226 in 2016. The population is expected to increase by another 250,000 people by 2029.

More than one third of all new migrants, who come to Austria from abroad each year, move to Vienna. Most of them come from other European countries.

50 percent of the Viennese have a migration background, i.e. they were born abroad or have at least one parent who was born abroad.

27 percent are non-Austrian passport holders and 34 percent were born abroad.

Migration to and from Vienna

As at 1 January 2016, source: Municipal Department 23 - Economic Affairs, Labour, and Statistics (MA 23) and Statistics Austria

In-Migration

Nationality

2014

2015

Austria

28,123

28,727

EU member states

33,882

32,413

Third-country nationals

26,908

39,967

Migration from abroad

88,913

101,107

Migration within Austria

33,764

37,155

Total migration

122,677

138,262


For several years, Vienna has seen the strongest population growth of all Austrian provinces (37 percent of the Austrian population growth regards Vienna).

In 2015, the population in the Austrian federal capital increased by 2.39 percent or 42,889 persons, which is clearly more than in the rest of the country. In 2015, more than 138,000 persons moved to Vienna from abroad or from other Austrian provinces. About 76,000 people left Vienna in the same year.

Viennese population 2016 according to background *

* Background refers to the place of birth and nationality of a person, i.e. persons with a foreign background were either born abroad and/or have foreign nationality.

As at 1 January 2016, source: Municipal Department 23 - Economic Affairs, Labour, and Statistics (MA 23)

Background (total)

Background (in percent)

Women (total)

Women (in percent)

Nationality (total)

Nationality (in percent)

Foreign countries

704,902

38.3

358,296

50.83

504,197

27.4

of which EU/EFTA

285,507

15.5

152,393

53.38

217,903

11.8

of which third countries

419.395

22.8

205,903

49.1

286,294

15,6

1. Austria

1,135,324

61.7

588,845

51.87

1,336,029

72.6

2. Serbia

99,082

5.4

51,682

52.16

74,538

4.1

3. Turkey

76,363

4.1

36,135

47.32

45,539

2.5

4. Germany

55,361

3

28,641

51.73

42,190

2.3

5. Poland

51,639

2.8

26,656

51.62

39,737

2.2

6. Bosnia and Herzegovina

40,387

2.2

21,112

52.27

21,786

1.2

7. Romania

33,224

1.8

18,286

55.04

26,800

1.5

8. Croatia

26,125

1.4

12,997

49.75

20,933

1.1

9. Hungary

25,100

1.4

13,702

54.59

19,387

1.1

10. Slovakia

17,692

0.1

11,314

63.95

14,503

0.8

Other EU, EFTA & assoc. small countries

76,366

4.1

40,797

53.42

54,353

3

Rest of Europe

51,066

2.8

27,476

53.8

39,288

2.1

Africa

27,657

1.5

10,975

39.68

16,413

0.9

Asia

101,512

5.5

46,484

45.79

71,213

3.9

America

14,666

0.8

8,099

55.22

9,326

0.5

Australia and Oceania

1,008

0.05

511

50.69

601

0.03

Stateless / Convention refugee / unknown

7,654

0.4

3,429

44.8

7,590

0.4

Total

1,840,226

100

947,141

51.47

1,840,226

100

In 2016, 38 percent of Viennese, i.e. 704,902 persons, had a foreign background. 504,197 persons or 27 percent of Viennese held a foreign nationality. 217,903 held the nationality of an EU or EFTA member state, and 286,294 held a third-country passport.

The majority of Viennese with a foreign background come from Serbia (99,082), followed by Turkey (76,363), and Germany (55,361).

361,371 foreign nationals have voting age but are excluded from the right to vote because of their foreign nationality.

In 2015, 0.6 percent of foreign nationals were awarded citizenship, i.e. six out of 1,000 foreigners became Austrians. 2,967 persons in Vienna were awarded Austrian citizenship in 2015.

Viennese population at district level according to background and right to vote

As at 1 January 2016, source: Municipal Department 23 - Economic Affairs, Labour, and Statistics (MA 23)

District residents

District residents with foreign background (in numbers)

District residents with foreign background (in percent)

District residents who have no right to vote* (over 16 years of age; in numbers, as at January 2016)

District residents who have no right to vote (in percent, as at January 2016)

District residents who have no right to vote (incl. under 16 years of age; total)

District residents who are not old enough to vote (i.e. under 16 years of age; total)

1st district

16,411

5,874

35.8

3,429

23,5

5,250

1,821

3,429

2nd district

103,225

45,218

43.8

27,861

32

44,070

16,209

27,861

3rd district

89,806

35,853

39.9

22,378

28.8

34,413

12,035

22,378

4th district

32,751

13,321

40.7

8,581

29.9

12,599

4,018

8,581

5th district

54,938

25,602

46.6

16,478

34.4

23,476

6,998

16,478

6th district

31,620

12,281

38.8

7,835

27.9

11,345

3,510

7,835

7th district

32,020

12,013

37.5

8,129

28.6

11,679

3,550

8,129

8th district

25,054

9,331

37.2

6,541

29.2

9,183

2,642

6,541

9th district

43,095

17,774

41.2

11,954

31.6

17,172

5,218

11,954

10th district

194,746

87,750

45.1

52,061

32.1

84,540

32,479

52,061

11th district

97,342

36,662

37.7

20,309

25.3

37,460

17,151

20,309

12th district

94,170

40,774

43.3

24,340

30.7

39,163

14,823

24,340

13th district

53,813

14,685

27.3

8,256

17.9

16,056

7,800

8,256

14th district

91,596

30,731

33.6

18,270

23.4

31,782

13,512

18,270

15th district

78,349

40,890

52.2

27,023

40.2

38,129

11,106

27,023

16th district

102,605

46,403

45.2

29,403

33.7

44,681

15,278

29,403

17th district

56,329

23,478

41.7

15,209

31.7

23,505

8,296

15,209

18th district

50,283

17,913

35.6

11,364

26.5

18,754

7,390

11,364

19th district

71,609

23,609

33

13,272

21.7

23,787

10,515

13,272

20th district

85,815

41,174

48

24,878

34.3

38,188

13,310

24,878

21st district

155,986

47,558

30.5

25,134

19.3

50,820

25,686

25,134

22nd district

180,272

51,069

28.3

25,228

17

57,077

31,849

25,228

23rd district

98,391

24,939

25.3

12,651

15.3

28,482

15,831

12,651

Total

1,840,226

704,902

38.3

420,584

27

701,611

281,027

420,584

* "District residents who have no right to vote" refers to all Viennese who would be old enough to vote (over 16 years of age) but who are not eligible to vote at municipal and federal level due to their foreign nationality. However, nationals of EU member states, who live in Vienna, are eligible to cast their vote in the elections to the district councils.

After Vienna, Graz, and Linz, the Viennese districts of Favoriten (10th district) with 194,746 residents, Floridsdorf (21st district) with 155,986 residents, and Donaustadt (22nd district) with 180,272 residents, are Austria's largest towns.

In ten districts, more than 40 percent of residents have a foreign background. With 52.2 percent, Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus (15th district) has the largest number of residents with a foreign background. The number is far above the citywide average of 38.3 percent. Hietzing (13th district) with 27.3 percent and Liesing (23rd district) with 25.3 percent are the districts with the lowest number of residents with a foreign background.

27 percent of Viennese or 420,584 people, have no right to vote (i.e. they are over 16 years of age and do not hold Austrian citizenship). Nine districts have already exceeded the 30 percent mark with the 15th district of Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus in the lead again, where 40.2 percent of residents, or 27,023 people, have no right to vote.

Contact for this page:
Goran Novakovic (Municipal Department 17)
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